CATCOA


  1. steep coast: a coast backed by rock or earth cliffs, gives a good radar return and is useful for visual identification from a considerable distance off, where cliffs alternate with low lying coast along the shoreline. (IHO Chart Specifications, M-4)
  2. flat coast: a level coast with no obvious topographic features.
  3. sandy shore: a shoreline area made up of sand, i.e. loose material consisting of small but easily distinguishable, separate grains, between 0.0625 and 2.000 millimetres in diameter. (adapted from IHO Dictionary, S-32, 5th Edition, 4497)
  4. stony shore: a shoreline area made up of rock and rock fragments ranging in size from pebbles and gravel to boulders or large rock masses. (adapted from IHO Dictionary, S-32, 5th Edition, 5059)
  5. shingly shore: a shoreline area made up of rounded, often flat waterworn rock fragments larger than approximately 16 millimetres. (adapted from IHO Dictionary, S-32, 5th Edition, 4683)
  6. glacier, seaward end: projecting seaward extension of glacier, usually afloat. Also called glacier tongue. (IHO Hydrographic Dictionary, S-32, 5th Edition, 2043)
  7. mangrove: one of several genera of tropical trees or shrubs which produce many prop roots and grow along low lying coasts into shallow water. (IHO Hydrographic Dictionary, S-32, 5th Edition, 3064)
  8. marshy shore: a shoreline area made up of spongy land saturated with water. It may have a shallow covering of water, usually with a considerable amount of vegetation appearing above the surface. (adapted from IHO Dictionary, S-32, 5th Edition, 5240)
  9. coral reef: a reef, often of large extent, composed chiefly of coral and its derivatives. (IHO Dictionary, S-32, 5th Edition, 1063)
  10. ice coast: a vertical cliff forming the seaward edge of an ice shelf, ranging in height from 2m to 50m or more above sea level.
  11. shelly shore: a shoreline is made up of shells i.e. Made up of the hard outside covering of marine animals.