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December 2009
Hypothetical Equidistant and Median Lines in the Arctic
Many maritime boundaries are disputed or unresolved in the Arctic. Using territorial sea baseline data available or digitized from public domain data, LOTS was used to calculate hypothetical equidistant and median line boundaries in the Arctic. The median or equidistant line is often used as a starting point of boundary negotiations. As the arctic countries prepare to claim extension of their continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles, they must consider that new bilateral boundaries will be required where their claims overlap.
Software: LOTS
Data Source: ETOPO2 2-minute Gridded Global Relief Data (NOAA, NGDC), World Vector Shoreline (National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency), LandSat TM7 satellite image mosaics (NASA)
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